List by family

 


Family

Plant Group

Genera

Species

Acanthaceae

Branches are 4-6 angled or grooved with transverse ridges across the nodes. Leaves are opposite and simple. Flowers are zygomorphic with 4-5 sepals and a tubular corolla with 2 lips and 5 lobes. Stamens are of unequal length and fused to the corolla. Fruit is a 2-valved capsule.

Image of Avicennia marina australasica Image: David Meagher Image of Avicennia marina australasica Image: David Meagher

Dicotyledon

Acrochaetiaceae

Algae

Aizoaceae

Prostrate, scrambling herbs or shrubs with fleshy leaves and fruit.

Image of Tetragonia implexicoma Image: Freya Thomas

Dicotyledon

Amaranthaceae

Herbs or shrubs with opposite or alternate leaves. Flowers are usually in an inflorescence. Perianth is in a single whorl of 4 or 5 tepals. There are 1-5 stamens that often have broad filaments that are fused around the superior ovary. Fruit is usually dry and indehiscent.

Image of Rhagodia candolleana Image: Gill Brown Image of Rhagodia candolleana Image: Gill Brown Image of Rhagodia candolleana Image: Gill Brown

Dicotyledon

Apiaceae

Plants with hollow stems, strong tap-roots, divided leaves, flowers in umbels and prolific seed production. Horticultural species include coriander, dill, fennel, and parsley.

Image of Apium prostratum Image: Mary Ellis

Dicotyledon

Apium

Tufted plants without hairs and with broad three-lobed leaflets and erect lacy compound clusters of small greenish umbels.

Platysace

Woody shrubs and soft semi-trailers, all with lacy umbels of white flowers and small green two-lobed fruit.

Xanthosia

Perennial herbs and small shrubs with leaves that are hairy and toothed, lobed or dissected.

Apocynaceae

Shrubs, trees or climbers with smooth undivided leaves, sap often milky, flowers are small five-lobed and form a tube.

Image of Alyxia buxifolia Image: Gill Brown Image of Alyxia buxifolia Image: Gill Brown

Dicotyledon

Araceae

Perennial herbs and some free floating aquatics. Perianth greatly reduced or absent.

Monocotyledon

Araliaceae

Shrubs with small white or green flowers with five petals and five sepals, flowers arranged in umbels.

Image of Polyscias sambucifolia Image: Mary Ellis

Dicotyledon

Hydrocotyle

Pennyworts are either prostrate stoloniferous perennial herbs or small erect annuals. Leaves are circular to kidney-shaped and may be entire or lobed, usually with toothed margins. Inconspicuous flowers in umbels. Unpleasant perfume.

Asparagaceae

The flowers for the group are mainly an undistinguished 'lily'-type and are often quite small. This family continues to be under taxonomic review.

Image of Chamaescilla corymbosa Image: David Meagher

Monocotyledon

Lomandra

Mat-rushes are hardy, perennial, rhizomatous herbs forming rush-like tufts. Basal leaves are erect, longer than panicles of yellow flowers. All species are dioecious.

Aspleniaceae

Grow in forests as ground cover, epiphytes or among rocks. The rhizome is short and erect, covered with latticed scales, old stipe bases persist, lamina is simple or pinnate, sori linear along minor veins protected by indusium.

Image of Asplenium flabellifolium Image: Alison Kellow

Fern or fern-ally

Asteraceae

Flowerhead is composed of many sessile flowers attached to a common receptacle and is surrounded by a series of bracts. Individual flowers (florets) can be either tubular or ray florets. Fruit is an achene.

Image of Coronidium scorpioides Image: Will Neal

Dicotyledon

Atherospermataceae

Small to medium trees with elliptic or lanceolate to oblanceolate. Flowers are mostly solitary in axils. Male and female flowers are separate. Males flowers have numerous stamens and sterile stamens, female flowers have numerous carpels with some sterile stamens.

Image of Atherosperma moschatum Image: Mike Bayly

Dicotyledon