List by family

 


Family

Plant Group

Genera

Species

Lamiaceae

Herbs or shrubs with 4-angled stems, opposite, simple, aromatic leaves. Flowers in cymes, contracted to form spikes. Calyx 5-toothed. Corolla zygomorphic and 4 or 5-lobed. 4 stamens in 2 pairs. Ovary superior, style branched into 2. Fruit of 4 nutlets.

Image of Prostanthera decussata Image: Mike Bayly

Dicotyledon

Lauraceae

Dodder-laurels are perennial creeping or climbing parasites, becoming rootless at maturity. Leaves are tiny and scale-like, hairy on the upper surface. Tiny white or green flowers are in dense clusters. Fruit is berry-like and crowned by the remains of the perianth. The tangled mass may kill the host.

Image of Cassytha glabella Image: Mary Ellis

Dicotyledon

Lentibulariaceae

Tiny carnivorous herbs of wet places. These plants are known as bladderworts due to the submerged globular bladder-like trap which sucks in minute aquatic animals. The lower petal of the flower forms an enlarged lip with a spur extending from the base of the petal.

Dicotyledon

Lessoniaceae

Algae

Liagoraceae

Algae

Lindsaeaceae

Small, terrestrial ferns with a creeping rhizome that is densely covered in narrow scales. Sori are either discrete or continuous along pinnae margins and protected by an indusium.

Fern or fern-ally

Loganiaceae

Shrubs or small herbs, usually with stalkless pairs of leaves and round white flowers.

Image of Mitrasacme pilosa Image: Mary Ellis

Dicotyledon

Loranthaceae

Parasites on trees and shrubs. Flowers red, yellow or green, long and slender with stamens joined to strap-shaped segments. The bud is club-shaped and the fruit is a berry surrounded by a viscous layer. Mistletoe birds eat the berries and deposit the seeds on branches of host trees.

Dicotyledon

Lycopodiaceae

Fern-ally with stems that are unbranched or dichotomously branched, leaves are spirally arranged. Sporophylls often arranged in cone-like structures called strobili.

Image of Lycopodium deuterodensum Image: Mary Ellis

Fern or fern-ally