List by family

 


Family

Plant Group

Genera

Species

Phrymaceae

Perennial herbs with a tubular and toothed calyx and the corolla is fused into two lips.

Image of Mazus pumilio Image: Mary Ellis

Dicotyledon

Phyllanthaceae

Plants often with separate male and female flowers. Flowers have 2-8 sepals and an extrastaminal nectary is present.

Image of Poranthera microphylla Image: Alison Kellow

Dicotyledon

Pittosporaceae

Trees, shrubs and climbers with simple leaves, 5-petalled flowers, fruit a berry or a splitting capsule.

Dicotyledon

Plantaginaceae

Herbs with leaves in a basal rosette. Flowers are usually in inflorescences. Flowers are actinomorphic with 4 sepals. The corolla is fused into a cylindrical or trumpet shaped tube with 4 white, green or purplish lobes.

Image of Veronica derwentiana Image: Alison Kellow

Dicotyledon

Plocamiaceae

Algae

Poaceae

Grasses grow in tufts or tussocks, each plant a cluster of leafy shoots or tillers. Each leaf has a sheath and blade separated by a membranous or hairy ligule. Inflorescences may be racemes, spikes or panicles. Spikelets consist of a number of florets above two empty bracts, glumes. Each floret has a lemma and palea.

Image of Themeda triandra Image: Mike Bayly

Monocotyledon

Austrostipa

Known as spear grass because mature seeds can penetrate the skin. Leaves are overlapping and hairy, ligule membranous. The inflorescence is a panicle of single stalked one-flowered spikelets which have a hard cylindrical lemma. The terminal awn twists and bends on drying and may be very long.

Deyeuxia

Erect, sparsely-tufted perennials to 1.5m, mostly basal leaves, flat and tapering to a fine point. The inflorescence is an open or dense terminal panicle with numerous and often densely overlapping one-flowered spikelets. An awn rises from the back of the lemma which is papery rather than transparent.

Poa

Perennial grasses, leaf blades flat or inrolled, ligules membranous. Inflorescences are panicles. Spikelets are laterally compressed, glumes are 1-3 nerved, lemma are mostly 5 nerved, keeled and unawned.

Polygalaceae

Small shrubs or twiners with flowers that look like pea flowers without the standard. Two sepals are coloured and petal-like forming the wings, while three petals joined form the keel enclosing the stamens and pistil, other petals are inconspicuous.

Image of Comesperma ericinum Image: Lorraine Norden

Dicotyledon

Polygonaceae

Herbs and shrub with simple leaves and stipules sheathing the branchlets below the leaves, leaves are always alternate, flowers are small to minute.

Image of Muehlenbeckia adpressa Image: Freya Thomas

Dicotyledon

Persicaria

Annual or perennial herbs grow in either permanently or seasonally wet sites. Usually erect or have decumbent stems which may root at the nodes. Spikes of many small flowers at or near the end of branches. Flowers usually bisexual, 4-5 perianth segments petal-like, stamens 4-8. Fruit a nut.

Polypodiaceae

Epiphytic or rock-dwelling ferns. Rhizome is long and creeping with well-spaced fronds along its length. Sori are distant from the margin, are prominent, round or oval and lacking an indusium.

Fern or fern-ally

Posidoniaceae

Marine, perennial, submerged herbs. Leaves are strap-like, base sheathing and with auricles. Flowers are in inflorescences that are made of 2-4 spikes with each spike terminated by a narrow vegetative apex. Flowers are small with a reduced perianth and have 3 or 4 sessile stamens.

Monocotyledon

Primulaceae

Herbs with sepals joined in a green scalloped cup, petals spreading from a short cup.

Image of Samolus repens Image: Freya Thomas

Dicotyledon

Proteaceae

Flowers have no separate petals and sepals but four spreading perianth segments or segments joined to form vase-shaped perianth. Many species have a long finger-like style.

Image of Banksia spinulosa Image: Mary Ellis

Dicotyledon

Psilotaceae

Fern-ally with large thick walled sporangia fused to form capsule called a synangium borne in a forked appendage.

Fern or fern-ally

Pteridaceae

Terrestrial, large ferns. Sori are linear and submarginal, intra marginal or superficial and in a continuous line.

Fern or fern-ally