Pteridium esculentum

Common name: 

Austral Bracken

Distribution (from Flora of Victoria):

All regions except Murray Mallee, Lowan Mallee, Riverina (CDEHJKMNPRSTUVWXYZ) all States

Map - Australia's Virtual Herbarium

Distribution and ecological preference at Wilsons Promontory (if known):

Can dominate the understory in dry to wet forests and woodlands. Resprouts and spreads vigorously after fire so can dominate the understory of forests that are burnt too frequently1

Flower description:



Fern with fronds to 2.5 m long with thick, coarse creeping rhizome1,2

Distinguishing characteristics (within family/genus):

The most common and widespread fern in Victoria. Distinguished by its coarse, hairy rhizome and rigid, harsh fronds. Grows in a wide range of environments, including dry areas2

Image of Pteridium esculentum
Image of Pteridium esculentum
Image of Pteridium esculentum Image: David Meagher
Conservation status:

Not threatened


1 Meagher, D. and Kohout, M. (2001). “A field guide to Wilsons Promontory”. Oxford University Press, South Melbourne, Vic.
2 Walsh, N. G. and Entwisle, T. J. “Flora of Victoria”, volumes 2 (1994), 3 (1996) and 4 (1999). Inkata Press, Port Melbourne, Victoria