Xanthorrhoea australis

Common Name:

Austral Grass-tree

Distribution (from Flora of Victoria):

All regions except Murray Mallee, Riverina, Victorian Volcanic Plain, Snowfields, (BCDEHJKMNPRSTUVWXZ) also SA, NSW, Tas
Map - Australasian Virtual Herbarium

Distribution and ecological preference at Wilsons Promontory (if known):

Sandy soils in heathlands or on rocky hillsides 1

Flower Description:

Membranous perianth 1


Grass-tree to 4 m tall 2

Distinguishing characteristics (within family/genus):

The flower-bearing section of the flowering spike is longer than the non-flowering section. A large stem/trunk develops in older specimens. Leaves are rhomboidal in cross-section 2,1


Image: David Meagher
Image: Gill Brown
Image: Gill Brown

Links to more images:

Atlas of Living Australia MELU

Links to description of this species:

NSW Flora VicFlora

Conservation status:

Not threatened


1 Walsh, N. G. and Entwisle, T. J. “Flora of Victoria”, volumes 2 (1994), 3 (1996) and 4 (1999). Inkata Press, Port Melbourne, Victoria
2 Meagher, D. and Kohout, M. (2001). “A field guide to Wilsons Promontory”. Oxford University Press, South Melbourne, Vic.